【Spring源码分析】17-RequiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor

 2019-10-17 21:59  阅读(1124)
文章分类:Spring boot

@Required 注释应用于 bean 属性的 setter 方法,它表明受影响的 bean 属性在配置时必须放在 XML 配置文件中,否则容器就会抛出一个 BeanInitializationException 异常。

RequiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor就是用来解析@Required的,当一个bean实例经过SmartInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor的postProcessPropertyValues()方法时,检测bean中属性对应的setter方法被标记@Required但是用于赋值的PropertyValues对象不包含此属性就会抛出异常。如果不想对某个bean进行检测,可以将此bean的bean definition的org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.RequiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.skipRequiredCheck属性设置为false。此属性默认在ConfigurationClassBeanDefinitionReader#loadBeanDefinitionsForBeanMethod()方法中设置为true的。

@Override
    public PropertyValues postProcessPropertyValues(
          PropertyValues pvs, PropertyDescriptor[] pds, Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {

       if (!this.validatedBeanNames.contains(beanName)) {
          if (!shouldSkip(this.beanFactory, beanName)) {
             List<String> invalidProperties = new ArrayList<>();
             for (PropertyDescriptor pd : pds) {
                if (isRequiredProperty(pd) && !pvs.contains(pd.getName())) {
                   invalidProperties.add(pd.getName());
                }
             }
             if (!invalidProperties.isEmpty()) {
                throw new BeanInitializationException(buildExceptionMessage(invalidProperties, beanName));
             }
          }
          this.validatedBeanNames.add(beanName);
       }
       return pvs;
    }

protected boolean shouldSkip(@Nullable ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory, String beanName) {
       if (beanFactory == null || !beanFactory.containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
          return false;
       }
       BeanDefinition beanDefinition = beanFactory.getBeanDefinition(beanName);
       if (beanDefinition.getFactoryBeanName() != null) {
          return true;
       }
       Object value = beanDefinition.getAttribute(SKIP_REQUIRED_CHECK_ATTRIBUTE);
       return (value != null && (Boolean.TRUE.equals(value) || Boolean.valueOf(value.toString())));
    }

protected boolean isRequiredProperty(PropertyDescriptor propertyDescriptor) {
       Method setter = propertyDescriptor.getWriteMethod();
       return (setter != null && AnnotationUtils.getAnnotation(setter, getRequiredAnnotationType()) != null);
    }

private String buildExceptionMessage(List<String> invalidProperties, String beanName) {
       int size = invalidProperties.size();
       StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
       sb.append(size == 1 ? "Property" : "Properties");
       for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
          String propertyName = invalidProperties.get(i);
          if (i > 0) {
             if (i == (size - 1)) {
                sb.append(" and");
             }
             else {
                sb.append(",");
             }
          }
          sb.append(" '").append(propertyName).append("'");
       }
       sb.append(size == 1 ? " is" : " are");
       sb.append(" required for bean '").append(beanName).append("'");
       return sb.toString();
    }

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